Tuesday, February 28, 2006

The Simpsons and Futurama Rule.

An old article I did for my school mag on The Simpsons & Futurama. It's a bit outdated, but read anyway.

All of you out there must have heard of The Simpsons, if not, where have you been? Luckily, Jellie are going to give you a quick guide to this 18 time Emmy winning comedy cartoon about the dysfunctional family living in Springfield.

The Characters

Homer Jay Simpson
Homer Simpson, (voiced by Dan Castellaneta) works as a nuclear power technician, and head of the Simpson household. It may seem, from his lazy ways that all he does is mooch off other people, but Homer isn’t all bad: he loves his family and always (most of the time) has good intentions.

Marge Simpson
Marge Simpson, (voiced by Julie Kavner) is a happy homemaker and mother of three. In the past she’s been a police woman, a pretzel maker, and an anti-war campaignist. She’s very proud of her children and her husband, although Homer frequently loses his keys.

Bart JoJo Simpson
Bart Simpson, (voiced by Nancy Cartwright) loves pulling pranks. He’s always in trouble of some kind and doesn’t is always bottom of the class. Bart does posses some decent qualities: He looks out for his sister, Lisa and he's befriended outcasts and misfits like Milhouse Van Houten and Ralph Wiggum.

Lisa Marie Simpson
Lisa Simpson, (voiced by Yeardley Smith) is only 8 years old but can’t wait for college. She has an IQ of 155 and is a very talented saxophonist. Lisa wants everyone to know that she is a vegetarian and that if she could have one thing (besides world peace), it would be a pony. Lisa is the most sensible of the Simpson family.

Maggie Simpson
Despite being only one, Maggie has achieved an awful lot in her life, the most exciting was shooting Mr Burns. She loves her mother Marge dearly, and sucking on her pacifier while others comment on how cute she is.

Did you know…
Crazy facts that you never knew about The Simpsons…….
· It costs around $50,000 to make an episode of The Simpsons and takes around three weeks.
· “The Simpsons” is the most popular cartoon ever created.
· Homer is named after Matt Groening’s dad.
· The sucking noise of Maggie was recorded by Matt Groening himself.
· The Simpsons started life as slightly wobbly short animations in The Tracy Ullman show.
· Believe it or not, the first ever episode of The Simpsons was aired in 1989. This cartoon has been going on for 14 years!
· Recently, The Simpsons celebrated their 300th episode, an episode called “Barting Around.”
· The Simpsons have had over 300 special guest stars, and these are just a few of them: Phil Hartman, Tom Jones, David Duchovny & Gillian Anderson, Robbie Williams, Lisa Kudrow, Meryl Streep, Danny DeVito, Pierce Brosnan, and lots lots more.

If that hasn’t convinced you to watch this great show, I don’t know what will!

By 1999 everyone had heard of The Simpsons, but Matt Groening wanted something different. He wanted to create another cartoon, but instead of it being about families, he wanted its theme to be “the future.” Matt Groening and The Simpsons' co-producer and writer David X Cohen has a few meetings, came up with the entire thing, and that was how Futurama came to be.

The Characters

Phillip J. Fry
Fry, (voiced by Billy West) got frozen while delivering a pizza. He woke up on December 31 2999, where he met Leela. She found him and together Leela and Fry got jobs working on a delivery plane. Although he had affairs with Amy before, the woman he is really into is Leela who acknowledges his feelings but won't return them. Fry isn’t exactly the brightest apple on the tree, but he has a good heart and always tries to do the best he can (which isn't very good.)

Turanga Leela
Leela, (voiced by Katey Sagal) is the only person from her species that lives on earth. She was brought up in an orphanage but because of her one eye she was often made fun of. She later got a job as a fate assignment officer and after a while met Fry while she was assigning a career to him. He convinced her to quit and she was then offered a job, along with Fry and Bender, on the Planet Express delivery crew where she impressed Professor Farnsworth enough for him to make her captain.

Bender Bending Rodriquez
Bender, (voiced) by John DiMaggio took up a successful career in bending Girders but tried to kill himself when he found out they were for suicide booths. He was saved by Fry and later took up the job of ships cook at Planet Express. His other pastimes include watching TV, smoking cigars and stealing. Bender is a selfish robot who likes manipulating everything he meets. Deep, deep, down, Bender has a heart, but that’s just a human heart, which he ate for lunch.

Other Main Characters
· Hubert J Farnsworth
· John Zoidberg
· Amy Wong
· Hermes Conrad

What Happened Next?
Futurama aired on 31st December, 1999. It was an instant hit. Many people loved it, and they loved it for it’s new style of jokes, the great storylines, not because it was created by the same person who brought us The Simpsons. Futurama then went on for four more successful series, each time getting better and better.

The Difference
People have always asked, “what is the difference between The Simpsons and Futurama and which one should I watch?”
There are many differences between The Simpsons and Futurama. Firstly, Futurama, is set in the year 3000, The Simpsons is not. The characters are different, the feel is different, even the cartoon characters have slight differences, despite them being drawn by the same person. But despite the differences, Jellie think that the two shows are equally brilliant.
But if you just want to pick one show to watch, take out advice: Futurama is more cynical than The Simpsons, and suited to a slightly older audience (10 +)


Anonymous said...

Paul Erdős was born in Budapest, Hungary, as Erdős Pál. (Erdős is pronounced similar to Air-doesh.) After his siblings died before his birth at the ages of 3 and 5, he was the only child of Anna and Lajos Erdős. His parents were both Jewish mathematicians, from a vibrant intellectual community.[1] At the age of three, he could calculate how many seconds his family's friends had lived (Hoffman 1998). Erdős showed early promise as a prodigy, and soon became regarded as a mathematical genius by his peers.

In 1934, he was awarded a doctorate in mathematics.[2] Because anti-semitism was increasing, he moved that same year to Manchester, England, to be a guest lecturer. In 1938, he accepted his first American position as a scholarship holder at Princeton University. At this time, he began to develop the habit of traveling from campus to campus. He would not stay long in one place and traveled back and forth between mathematical institutions until his death.

Possessions meant little to Erdős; most of his belongings would fit in a suitcase, as dictated by his itinerant lifestyle. Awards and other earnings were in general donated to people in need and various worthy causes. He spent most of his life as a vagabond, travelling between scientific conferences and the homes of colleagues all over the world. He would typically show up at a colleague's doorstep and announce "my brain is open", staying long enough to collaborate on a few papers before moving on a few days later. In many cases, he would ask the current collaborator about whom he (Erdős) should visit next. His working style has been humorously compared to traversing a linked list.

His colleague Alfréd Rényi said, "a mathematician is a machine for turning coffee into theorems", and Erdős drank copious quantities. (This quotation is often attributed incorrectly to Erdős.)[3] After 1971 he also took amphetamines, despite the concern of his friends, one of whom (Ron Graham) bet him $500 that he could not stop taking the drug for a month. Erdős won the bet, but complained during his abstinence that mathematics had been set back by a month: "Before, when I looked at a piece of blank paper my mind was filled with ideas. Now all I see is a blank piece of paper." After he won the bet, he promptly resumed his amphetamine habit.

He had his own idiosyncratic vocabulary: he spoke of "The Book", an imaginary book in which God had written down the best and most elegant proofs for mathematical theorems. Lecturing in 1985 he said, "You don't have to believe in God, but you should believe in The Book." He himself doubted the existence of God, whom he called the "Supreme Fascist" (SF) [4]. He accused the SF of hiding his socks and Hungarian passports, and of keeping the most elegant mathematical proofs to himself. When he saw a particularly beautiful mathematical proof he would exclaim, "This one's from The Book!".

Other idiosyncratic elements of Erdős' vocabulary include: children were referred to as "epsilons" (because in mathematics, particularly calculus, an arbitrarily small positive quantity is commonly denoted ε); women were "bosses"; men were "slaves"; people who stopped doing math had "died"; people who died had "left"; alcoholic drinks were "poison"; music was "noise"; people who had married were "captured"; people who had divorced were "liberated" and to give a mathematical lecture was "to preach". Also, all countries which he thought failed to provide freedom to individuals as long as they did no harm to anyone else were classified as imperialist and given a name that began with a lowercase letter. For example, the U.S. was "samland" (after Uncle Sam), the Soviet Union was "joedom" (after Joseph Stalin), and Israel was "israel". For his epitaph he suggested, "I've finally stopped getting dumber." (Hungarian: "Végre nem butulok tovább"). (Hoffman 1998)

In 1952, during the McCarthy anti-communist investigations, the U.S. government denied Erdős, a Hungarian citizen, a re-entry visa into the United States, for reasons that have never been fully explained.[1] Teaching at Notre Dame at the time, Erdős could have chosen to remain in the country. Instead, he packed up and left, albeit requesting reconsideration from the Immigration Service at periodic intervals. The government changed its mind in 1963 and Erdős resumed including American universities in his teaching and travels.

Hungary, then a Communist nation, was under the hegemony of the Soviet Union. Although it curtailed the freedoms of its citizens, in 1956 it gave Erdős the singular privilege of being allowed to enter and exit Hungary as he pleased. Erdős exiled himself voluntarily from Hungary in 1973 as a principled protest against his country's policy of denying entry to Israelis.[2]

During the last decades of his life, Paul Erdős received at least fifteen honorary doctorates. He became a member of the scientific academies of eight countries, including the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the U.K. Royal Society. Shortly before his death, he renounced his honorary degree from the University of Waterloo over what he considered to be unfair treatment of a colleague. He died 'in action' of a heart attack on September 20, 1996, at the age of 83, while attending a conference in Warsaw, Poland. Erdős never married and had no children.

Mathematical work
Erdős was one of the most prolific publishers of papers in mathematical history, second only to Leonhard Euler; Erdős published more papers, while Euler published more pages (Hoffman 1998). He wrote around 1,500 mathematical articles in his lifetime, mostly with co-authors. He had 511 different collaborators (The Erdős Number Project Data Files), and strongly believed in (and obviously practiced) mathematics as a social activity.

In terms of mathematical style, Erdős was much more of a "problem solver" than a "theory developer". (See The Two Cultures of Mathematics[5] by Timothy Gowers for an in-depth discussion of the two styles, and why problem solvers are perhaps less appreciated.) Joel Spencer states that his place in the 20th-century mathematical pantheon is a matter of some controversy because he resolutely concentrated on particular theorems and conjectures throughout his illustrious career.[6] Erdős never won the highest mathematical prize, the Fields Medal, nor did he coauthor a paper with anyone who did,[7] a pattern that extends to other prizes.[8] He did win the Wolf Prize, where his contribution is described as for his numerous contributions to number theory, combinatorics, probability, set theory and mathematical analysis, and for personally stimulating mathematicians the world over.[9] In contrast, the works of the three winners before were recognized as outstanding, classic, and profound, and the three after as fundamental or seminal.

Of his contributions, the development of Ramsey theory and the application of the probabilistic method especially stand out. Extremal combinatorics owes to him a whole approach, derived in part from the tradition of analytic number theory. Erdős found a proof for Bertrand's postulate which proved to be far neater than Chebyshev's original one. He also discovered an elementary proof for the Prime number theorem, along with Atle Selberg, which showed how combinatorics was an efficient method of counting collections.

Anonymous said...

Once the men had gone to fight, and the cities were being blitzed, the women got together to make a war effort to prevent a war. They became mechanics, factory workers and engineers.

Before the war, many women did not work as the men did the jobs for them. But when the war came, propaganda posters were put up trying to recruit women to what was known as the home front.

Life was very hard. Food and RAW MATERIALS were short. Men and women ere ordered to sign up for civil work such as driving busses and working on land.
million in civil work and 460000 in forces by 1944

Anonymous said...

i love futurama

Brad said...

i love futurama

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